Menu

Illinois Criminal Code of 1961

Article 18: Robbery and Armed Robbery

One can hardly go a day without hearing about a robbery in the news. Robbery is defined by Illinois law as when a person takes property from another person by either using force or threatening to use force. If, during the commission of the robbery, the defendant stated he was carrying a firearm, or if he administered a controlled substance to the victim, he can be found guilty of the crime of aggravated robbery. While general robbery is classified as a Class 2 felony, aggravated robbery is a Class 1 felony and can carry a heavier sentence.

Similarly, the Illinois criminal code also defines the crime of armed robbery, which is a Class X felony. If the perpetrator was armed with a dangerous weapon, such as a knife or gun, during the robbery, he can be found guilty of armed robbery. If, during the commission of the offense, another person is seriously harmed, the court must add at least 25 years of imprisonment to a convicted defendants sentence.

Need an Illinois criminal defense attorney? If you've been arrested for robbery in Illinois, call our Chicago criminal defense attorneys today at (312) 466-9466 to discuss your case.

The text below comes from Article 18 of the Illinois Criminal Code of 1961. This law may have changed -- please read the important legal disclaimer at the bottom of this page.

Illinois Criminal Code of 1961 - Article 18

Sec. 18-1. Robbery.
    (720 ILCS 5/18-1)

(a) A person commits robbery when he or she takes property, except a motor vehicle covered by Section 18-3 or 18-4, from the person or presence of another by the use of force or by threatening the imminent use of force.

(b) Sentence.

Robbery is a Class 2 felony. However, if the victim is 60 years of age or over or is a physically handicapped person, or if the robbery is committed in a school, day care center, day care home, group day care home, or part day child care facility, or place of worship, robbery is a Class 1 felony.

(c) Regarding penalties prescribed in subsection (b) for violations committed in a day care center, day care home, group day care home, or part day child care facility, the time of day, time of year, and whether children under 18 years of age were present in the day care center, day care home, group day care home, or part day child care facility are irrelevant. (Source: P.A. 96-556, eff. 1-1-10.)

Sec. 18-2. Armed robbery.
    (720 ILCS 5/18-2)

(a) A person commits armed robbery when he or she violates Section 18-1; and

(1) he or she carries on or about his or her person or is otherwise armed with a dangerous weapon other than a firearm; or

(2) he or she carries on or about his or her person or is otherwise armed with a firearm; or

(3) he or she, during the commission of the offense, personally discharges a firearm; or

(4) he or she, during the commission of the offense, personally discharges a firearm that proximately causes great bodily harm, permanent disability, permanent disfigurement, or death to another person.

(b) Sentence.

Armed robbery in violation of subsection (a)(1) is a Class X felony. A violation of subsection (a)(2) is a Class X felony for which 15 years shall be added to the term of imprisonment imposed by the court. A violation of subsection (a)(3) is a Class X felony for which 20 years shall be added to the term of imprisonment imposed by the court. A violation of subsection (a)(4) is a Class X felony for which 25 years or up to a term of natural life shall be added to the term of imprisonment imposed by the court. (Source: P.A. 91-404, eff. 1-1-00.)

Sec. 18-5. Aggravated robbery.
    (720 ILCS 5/18-5)

(a) A person commits aggravated robbery when he or she takes property from the person or presence of another by the use of force or by threatening the imminent use of force while indicating verbally or by his or her actions to the victim that he or she is presently armed with a firearm or other dangerous weapon, including a knife, club, ax, or bludgeon. This offense shall be applicable even though it is later determined that he or she had no firearm or other dangerous weapon, including a knife, club, ax, or bludgeon, in his or her possession when he or she committed the robbery.

(a-5) A person commits aggravated robbery when he or she takes property from the person or presence of another by delivering (by injection, inhalation, ingestion, transfer of possession, or any other means) to the victim without his or her consent, or by threat or deception, and for other than medical purposes, any controlled substance.

(b) Sentence. Aggravated robbery is a Class 1 felony. (Source: P.A. 90-593, eff. 1-1-99; 90-735, eff. 8-11-98; 91-357, eff. 7-29-99.)

   Return to Illinois Criminal Code of 1961 Table of Contents

DISCLAIMER: These excerpts from the law are provided for reference purposes only. Visitors to our Chicago criminal defense lawyer website should be aware that Illinois criminal laws have been amended many times and that Illinois crime laws posted on this site may not be current. In addition, Illinois criminal case law defines precedents for legal determinations that are not defined in the original laws.

Chicago Criminal Defense Lawyer - (312) 466-9466 

Chicago Office

900 W. Jackson Blvd.

Suite 5W

Chicago, IL 60607

Map & Contact Info